Operate and Maintain a 4WD Vehicle – RIIVEH305D

Course Contents – RIIVEH305D

Identify four-wheel drive specific terms, terminology and techniques

  • Access, interpret and apply compliance documentation relevant to the work activity
  • Identify the structural and handling differences between a conventional two wheel drive and a four-wheel drive vehicle
  • Identify and demonstrate the purpose and use of front wheel hubs
  • Identify factors affecting tyre size, fitment, rating, and pressure
  • Correctly identify, recovery hooks and mounting features
  • Identify hazards associated with incorrect use of vehicle features or equipment

Plan for minimal environmental impact

  • Determine types of impact likely to occur during four-wheel driving and associated activities
  • Demonstrate compliance with land management principles and policies when planning exploration activities
  • Comply with policies and management plans relevant to the activity area
  • Plan and conduct activities in a manner which minimises environmental impact
  • Adopt and implement procedures to ensure minimisation of harm to the environment from four-wheel drive activities
  • Demonstrate cooperation and consideration towards other land users

Perform pre-departure checks

  • Perform routine pre-departure checks under the bonnet, under the body, and on external and internal items and accessories
  • Take action to correct any deficiency
  • Determine food and water requirements for journey
  • Select suitable navigation equipment where necessary
  • Interpret weather conditions to determine suitability for driving
  • Apply safe vehicle loading practices
  • Secure items of personal luggage safely
  • Advise passengers of any special safety precautions to be taken when traversing rough terrain

Use the features of a four-wheel drive vehicle to drive in a variety of terrain types

  • Operate four-wheel drive vehicles correctly and safely both on and off road, in accordance with road rules, principles of four-wheel driving and OHS regulations
  • Apply smooth accelerator control strategies over a range of terrain types
  • Demonstrate recommended braking techniques for hard top surfaces and off road conditions
  • Correctly identify situations where the engagement of four-wheel drive is required
  • Engage correctly, where fitted, front hubs or centre differential lock (constant four-wheel drive vehicles)
  • Survey track to identify hazards, asses risk and select a best route
  • Select routes to minimise damage to the environment
  • Use appropriate range, gear, speed, driving and braking technique to negotiate a range of terrain types and whilst maintaining control of vehicle at all times, being aware of contextual issues
  • Perform a stop stall key start recovery procedure on a moderate incline
  • Check brakes and undercarriage after negotiating varying terrain
  • Perform repairs to damaged tracks if necessary
  • Use standardised operating procedures when travelling in company with other vehicles
  • Maintain appropriate hand positioning on steering wheel

Use a single snatch strap to recover a vehicle

  • Identify risks associated with vehicle recovery and develop and implement strategies to minimise risks
  • Identify recovery hooks
  • Confirm use of recommended mounting strategy on the four-wheel drive vehicle and use of rated recovery equipment when practicable
  • Demonstrate procedures for preparing vehicles for recovery
  • Demonstrate techniques to minimise impact on the environment during vehicle recovery
  • Demonstrate techniques for joining two snatch straps
  • Coordinate safe recovery of a four-wheel drive vehicle using a single snatch strap
  • Correctly perform post recovery checks and repairs

Perform maintenance and minor repairs on four-wheel drive vehicles

  • Select/access maintenance equipment correctly, including spares and fluids, prior to departure after consideration of contextual issues
  • Check vehicles regularly prior to and during trip and correctly perform routine maintenance/repair tasks
  • Make vehicle performance reports to the designated person
  • Demonstrate safe use of a jack to support a four-wheel drive vehicle on uneven ground

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